The Early Years
Home to cotton fields in the 19th century, the development of the Winnetka Heights subdivision around 1910, marked the beginnings of Kings Highway. It started with the construction of numerous apartment buildings for the residents awaiting completion of their new homes in Winnetka Heights. Platted as Oak Cliff Annex, the area was designed along the unique diagonal thoroughfare of Kings Highway. During its existence, the trolley stopped at the eastern entrance, where a brick archway once stood, marking the gateway to the neighborhood. (insert pic at Kings Hwy and Polk St.)
Kings Highway continued to develop long after Winnetka Heights was finished. Many of the original 1910 apartments and homes still remain.
King’s Highway was a middle class area during the 1920s, and was part of the Oak Cliff Annex, most of whose houses were similar but relatively larger. Houses built between the 1920s and 1930s were usually brick or wood frame houses. Kings Highway’s architectural styles include Craftsman bungalows, Tudor, Neoclassical revival, and the recognizable Prairie School that date back to the early 1900s.
Home Styles found in KHCD
Craftsman bungalows make up about 49% of the neighborhood and have the following prevalent characteristics: low pitched, gabled roof with wide, unenclosed eave overhang, roof rafters usually exposed; decorative (false) beams or braces commonly added under gables; porches, either full, or partial width, with roof supported by tapered square columns; columns or pedestals frequently extend to ground level (without a break at level of porch floor).
Prairie style-houses have low pitched, hipped roof, with widely overhanging eaves, cornices, and façade detailing and emphasizing horizontal lines, often with massive square porch supports.
Tudor style-houses are characterized by steeply pitched roof (usually side-gabled); façade dominated by one or more prominent cross gables, usually steeply pitched; tall narrow windows, usually in multiple groups and with multi-pane glazing; massive chimneys, commonly crowned by decorative chimney pots.
Neoclassical style house are characterized by: 1) its symmetry, with form and balance dominating the style, 2) tall columns support the full-height front porch, usually Doric in Style and always even in number. 3) Elaborate doorways, with decorative surrounds and pediments, and a triangular section found above the entranceway, 4) evenly spaced windows with double-hung sashes, most often divided into 6 or 8 panes; they are always evenly spaced across the home’s façade and typically flanked by shutters.